What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is a digital currency. It’s created, used, stored – all digitally. The concept of Bitcoin was introduced in 2008 by a pseudonymous programmer – who called it a P2P Electronic Cash System. His/her pseudonym is Satoshi Nakamoto.
In contrast to traditional currencies, the reserve of bitcoins is fixed. There will eventually be only 21 million bitcoins in circulation and not one more.
Bitcoin has a metric system of denominations used as units of Bitcoin. The main goal of the bitcoin currency, abbreviated BTC, is to make it harmonious to worldwide currencies. Bitcoin tries to accomplish this function by being divisible down to the 8 decimal place. This is an adequate thing, given the actual high price of 1 Bitcoin theses days. The smallest denomination in a Bitcoin is called ‘Satoshi’, in homage to its creator. Below is a list of the named denominations and their value in BTC.
|Denomination||Abbreviation||Familiar name||Value in BTC|
|Microbit||µBTC (uBTC)||Microbitcoin or Bit||0.000001 BTC|
XBT code vs. BTC
The existing bitcoin code BTC, used by the large majority of the bitcoiners and most media channels, would not comply with ISO 4217, which requires the 1st letter of global commodities to be “X”. It explains why several notorious foreign currency websites, such as Bloomberg, Coinhills and XE, have already implemented XBT as the code for bitcoin, though it is an unofficial code according to the ISO 4217 standard.